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Utilization of waste materials, water, and energy for production should be sought to establish symbiotic systems. However, conjugation of two or more independent industrial material cycles are rather difficult (if at all possible) because of several barriers inherent in a private enterprise system, not unless technical and policy interventions, is adopted by the government.

These barriers have been identified as follows:


General objective:

To evaluate how the current policies support industrial ecology and propose policy recommendations that would incorporate industrial ecology in the development and operation of the country's industrial estates/ecozones and growth centers. Through further policy formulation, implementing agencies must be able to clearly define its role and actions to address specific barriers and encourage the implementation of industrial ecology in general.

Specific objectives: